Page Visited: 104
Read Time:5 Minute, 51 Second

Hello, Guys today I will share with you one of the most important topics.

What are Tyres?

Tyres are one of the important components of your car. A tyre is a ring-shaped component that surrounds a wheel’s rim to transfer a vehicle’s load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide traction on the surface travelled over.

Tyres mostly depend on the compound used in it. Harder the compound more the tread life and less contact with the road which results in less grip and more mileage.

How Tyres are built and their parts?

I will tell the parts included in the tyres but watch this below video to see how a tyre is built.

Beads
Beads are made of high strength steel coat in rubber. It creates an airtight seal between your tyre and rim of the wheel.

Belt
Belts are placed around the tyres to reinforce strength and provide rigidity. These are made of woven sheets of steel wires that are coated in rubber.

Ply
Ply is the layers of fabric that make up your tyre’s skeleton and are typically made of fibre cord that is woven together and coated with rubber. The flexibility and strength of your tyre are because of ply.

Sidewall
It is the area where you find your tyre manufacturer information, and also your tyre details (size, aspect ratio etc). It is an area of extra-thick rubber that runs from the bead to the tread and gives your tyre its lateral stability.

Sipe and Groove
The tread blocks are separated by the deep grooves that allow your tyre to disperse water, snow and mud. Sipes are the smaller grooves or cuts made in the tread blocks themselves that give extra grip, which is especially important in a tyre made for snow and ice.

Shoulder
It is one of the most important components of your tyre. It is a small bevelled edge where the tread meets the sidewall. Its design and construction play an important role in how your tyre helps you take corners.

Tread
This is the area of your tyre where the rubber meets the road. The tread provides both cushioning and grip, and its design and compound determine many of your tyre’s most important performance features.

Watch this video to understand how a tyre is made

Tyres Guide

You can find the tyre details in the sidewall. Mostly it is in this format 145/80 R12 74T. Where 145 is the width of the tyre (A in the above figure), 80 is the aspect ratio or profile (sidewall thickness B in the above figure). R stands for radial tyres, 12 is the diameter of your rim (C in the figure). 74 is the load index which determines how much load a single tyre can bear, and T is the Speed limit that your tyre can resist. Check the list below.

Sidewall marking

Meaning

Description

145

Width

Measured in millimetres.

80

Aspect ratio

The height of the sidewall as a percentage of its width. Here 80% of the 145mm

R

Construction type

Actually redundant – ‘R’ stands for ‘Radial’, as the majority of modern tyres are.

12

Wheel rim diameter

Measured in inches, the diameter of the rim the wheel has been designed to fit. Measured bead shoulder to bead shoulder.

74

Load index

A load index of 74 corresponds to 375 kg. For a full index see the image below.

T

Speed rating

A second index for speed ratings. ‘T’ rated tyres can be used up to 190 kmph.

load_and_speed guide

Types of Tyres

High-Performance

High-performance tyres give you more rubber in contact with the road to boost traction. Rainwater grooves are shallower and thus make your car harder to control in wet weather. They are made of softer compounds which helps in better traction. High-performance tyres also wear quickly.

summer tyre

Summer

These are specifically designed for optimal performance in summer conditions. They will make steering quick and accurate – especially during hard cornering. The compounds used in these tyres are a sticker. They offer fantastic grip and durability in both wet and dry conditions, thanks to a good balance of water channelling grooves and road-hugging rubber.

winter tyres

Winter

Winter tyres provide greater traction through softer compounds and greater tread depth and help driving in snow, ice and even rain substantially easier. Such examples wear out quickly in warm weather and therefore are only useful for some months of the year.

all-season-tyre

All-Season

An all-season tire offers a balance of capabilities, providing acceptable performance in wet and dry conditions, as well as traction in snow. These tyres use compounds which provides longer tread life than summer tyres. It is the most used tyres, a wide variety of vehicles from economy cars to sedans to mini-vans to pickup trucks use all-season tyres. They tend to provide ride comfort, handling, and other performance attributes suitable for most drivers.

all-season-tyre

All-Terrain

All-terrain is usually fitted to SUVs, these increase tread spacing to help channel mud out of the tyre. Additionally, the sidewall is strengthened to prevent punctures.

Low profile

Low profile tyres give your car better looks. Greatly improved levels of handling and grip, especially in the dry. Better brakes because of more contact patch that provides greater traction than a conventional tyre. Low profile tyres will benefit your car’s cornering characteristics by being able to handle greater cornering forces (CF).

The downside of Low profile tyres in Indian condition is it will reduce your tyres life. The high risk of rim damage, since these tyres have a smaller air cushion to work with to absorb harsh impacts from our pothole-ridden roads. Road noise also increases with these tyres because of the larger contact patch, and the ride of your car can become much stiffer. In wet condition car losses traction.

How to Choose the Best tyre for your car?

First of all, always select the tyre which is made for your car. I have seen some people using wide tyres which gives your car a better road presence. But these wide tyres reduces your car’s performance and mileage cause they were not built for your car.

Second always buy the trusted brand do not go for cheap tyres cause they will affect your car. My recommendation Michelin, Bridgestone, Apollo.

All season tyres are good for the daily driving situation. In India we can also go for summer tyres in some places cause the winter in India is not that extreme and summer tyres do good on wet condition also.

Also as mentioned above do not go for low profile tyres, all Indian roads are not suitable for low profile tyres.

So I guess by now you know how to check the dimension of your tyres, and you would have got some idea on how to buy a new set of tyres. Also while modifying your car first thing you should be replacing is your tyres, cause better tyres to give you better grip and good corning.

About Post Author

Girish

Hello Guys I am a freelance website developer and digital marketer, I have over 4 years of experience. I create websites using PHP, WordPress, angular js, HTML, CSS, Jquery, Javascript. I also create an eCommerce website, using Magento, open cart, woo-commerce, Shopify, big commerce. The platform is selected according to client needs. I will also help you create your native mobile app which will work on both android and IOS which is created using PWA for your new website or existing website. I also have a digital marketing team, which fulfills all your needs related to creating or enhancing digital presence.
Happy
Happy
0 %
Sad
Sad
0 %
Excited
Excited
0 %
Sleppy
Sleppy
0 %
Angry
Angry
0 %
Surprise
Surprise
0 %

Also published on Medium.

0

Average Rating

5 Star
0%
4 Star
0%
3 Star
0%
2 Star
0%
1 Star
0%

2 thoughts on “Best tyres to buy for your next car

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this:
Enable Notifications.    Ok No thanks