Hello, Guys here are some topics related to wheel alignment, it includes Camber, Caster, Toe and Steering alignment. In this post, I will give some information on these topics.
Alignment of your car is the most important factor for your car stability and safety. Wheel alignment ensures that all four wheels are optimised for maximum contact with the road.
It is an angle created by the wheel with respect to the vertical axis of the car. It has positive, negative and neutral camber. The angle is very slightly tilted not a big deviation.
Positive camber means the top end of the wheel is tilted outward and the bottom end is tilted inward. It is mostly used in everyday cars. It has less contact with the road which helps in turning at low speeds and also reduces the wear of the tire.
Negative camber means the top end will be tilted inward and the bottom end will be tilted outward. It is used in track and off-roading vehicles. Because positive camber will give stability issues on high speeds cornering, and with a negative camber, you will have a little bit wider stance.
The neutral camber has a 0-degree angle and it causes more tire wear cause it has the most contact with the road.
It’s defined as the angle created by the steerings pivot point from the front to the back of the vehicle. Caster is positive if the line is angled forward, and negative if backward.
Typically, the positive caster will make the vehicle more stable at high speeds and will increase tire lean when cornering. This can also increase steering effort as well.
Toe represents the angle derived from pointing the tires inward or outward from a top-down view – much like looking down at your toes and angling them inward or outward.
Correct toe is paramount to even tread wear and extended tire life. If the tires are pointed inward or outward, they will scrub against the surface of the road and cause wear along the edges. Sometimes, however, tread life can be sacrificed for performance or stability.
A positive toe occurs when the front of both tires begins to face each other. Positive toe permits both wheels to constantly generate force against one another, which reduces turning ability. However, positive tow creates straighter driving characteristics. Typically, rear-wheel-drive vehicles have a slightly positive tow in the rear due to rolling resistance.
Negative toe is often used in front-wheel drive vehicles for the opposite reason. Their suspension arms pull slightly inward, so a slight negative toe will compensate for the drag and level out the wheels at speed. Negative toe increases cars cornering ability.
Also published on Medium.