Inventions-and-Discoveries-By-India

Hello Guys I searched for invention around the world and found out that India has done some good invention that we all should know about. India has been actively discovering from ancient times. So here are the list of inventions

Buttons

button-Indus-valley-civilizationButtons were first used in Mohenjo-Daro for ornamental purpose rather than for fastening. They were first used in the Indus Valley Civilization by 2000 BCE. They were made of shells with two holes at the centre.

Chess

ChessChess was derived from the game called Chaturanga, which was played in india around 6 th century AD.

Prefabricated home and movable structure

prefabricated-homeIn 16th century Mughal India, during the reign of Akbar, the first prefabricated & movable structures were invented.

Ruler

rulerRulers where used by Indus valley civilization around 1500 BC. At that time it was made of ivory and it had an amazing accuracy of decimal subdivision.

Shampoo

shampooThe shampoo as a product was invented in 1927 by a german named Hans Schwarzkopf in Berlin. But the word Shampoo was derived from the indian word “champu” in 1762. Champu is also called for head message in india.

Snakes and Ladders

snakes and ladderSnakes and ladders was originated in ancient india, and was played as early has 2nd century. In India it was known has Mokshapat. Later it spread to England and eventually introduced in the USA by game pioneer Milton Bradley in 1943.

Cotton cultivation

Cotton FieldsThe ancient Greeks used to wear animal skin and they where not aware of cotton. But indians started cultivation of cotton during 5th and 4th millennium BC also in Indus valley civilization.

 

Decimal System, Quadratic formula and Zero!

number-systemThe number “0” Zero was their in the number system but it was only used has a placeholder, it was only when Aryabhata a brillant mathematician in 458 AD introduced the number zero, and Brahmagupta wrote governance (rules) for number zero. Only after this the mathematical operations like addition and subtraction started using zero.

The formula of Quadratic equations; ax^2 + bx + c =0, was first given by Sridharacharya in the 10 century.

Decimal points were developed in India way back in 100 B.C by indian scholars.

Cataract Surgery

cataract surgeryCataract surgery was done by an Indian Physician Sushruta in 3rd century CE. In India, cataract surgery was performed with a special tool called the Jabamukhi Salaka, a curved needle used to loosen the lens and push the cataract out of the field of vision.The eye would later be soaked with warm butter and then bandaged.

Diamond Mining

Diamond-Mining in indiaDiamonds were only found in central india along the Krishna and Godavari rivers around 5000 years ago. India was the only country where diamonds were found, only after 18th century diamonds where also found in mines of brazil.

Water on Moon

chandrayaan-nasa-moon-waterIndian space probe gave the first incontrovertible evidence of water on the moon. It was provided by the payload Chace carried by the Moon Impact Probe released by Chandrayaan-1, confirmed and established by NASA.

Radio/Wireless communication

Wireless communicationMany know that first wireless communication was developed by Guglielmo Marconi in 1909 for which he received Nobel Price. But 2 years before Marconi’s demonstration Sir jagdish chandra demonstrated first public demonstration of radio communication in 1895.

Flush Toilets

Flush toiletsAgain Indus valley civilization discovery. Flush toilets using water are found in several houses of the cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa from the 3rd millennium B.C

 

Steel & Metal works

seamless celestial globeAncient India were pioneer in metallurgy. Perhaps as early as 300 BC—although certainly by 200 BC—high quality steel was being produced in southern India. A seamless celestial globe was also invented for the first time in Kashmir, which is till today considered as one of the most remarkable achievements in metallurgy

Fiber Optic Cable

Fiber Optic CableIn 1952, UK-based physicist Narinder Singh Kapany invented the first actual fiber optical cable based on John Tyndall’s experiments three decades earlier.

Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgeryPlastic surgery was being carried out in India by 2000 BC. The surgeon Sushruta contributed mainly to the field of plastic and cataract surgery.

University

university ancient indiaThe World’s first university was established in Takshashila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.

Recent Invention

Plastic roads

This is one of the recent invention by Dr R. Vasudevan, a chemistry professor. In 2006 Dr Vasudevan patented a road-laying process that involves  sprinkling of shredded plastic waste over hot gravel, which will coat a thin-film of plastic over the stones, and then adding the plastic coated stones to regular molten tar and laying the road.

This helps in low maintenance cost about 50% and life of the road improves.

Paper microscope (Foldscope)

microscope foldableAn indian scientist name Manu Prakash made a microscope using paper which cost only $1. Called the Foldscope, it can be printed on a single sheet of paper and folded into shape and used.

It is cheap, portable and can be used in science education as well as medical diagnosis in rural areas.

Edible cutlery

Bakey Edible cutlery Narayana Peesapati introduced edible cutlery in 2010. It is sold as the brand name Bakeys across the world. They’re a blend of millets, rice and wheat, so they’re not just edible, they’re probably more nutritious than the pasta that you scooped up with it.

This are only few inventions and discoveries by india, you can find more here.